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Full text of "Knight Letter No. 51"

Knuorht Letter 



THE LEWIS CARROLL 



ISOCIETY OF NORTH AMERICA 



NUMBER 51 WINTER 1995 



Autumnal Bounty at the Fall Meeting 



On the sometimes rainy Saturday morning of Octo- 
ber 28, 1995, Jon and Ginny Lindseth welcomed about 45 of 
us into their beautiful home in Hunting Valley, just outside of 
Cleveland, Ohio. Never before, at least in the memory of this 
writer, have we held a semiannual meeting at a member's home 
though on occasion we have visited members' homes in con- 
junction with regular meetings (e.g. in North Carolina, Mary- 
land, New York, and California). And never before have we 
seen a home so grand, a collection so wide ranging, deep and 
impressive, nor experienced such wonderful hospitality as 
we did when we came to Cleveland. 

After being warmly greeted by Jon and Ginny, we 
examined and admired the splendid Lindseth Carrolliana Col- 
lection with its shelves of presentation copies, scarce pam- 
phlets, treasures like the rare Merrryman s Monthly, book- 
cases of translations, and much more. Let me just mention a 
few items which struck my particular fancy. Perhaps one of 
the rarest and surely finest books in the collection is only 
tangentially a Carroll item — The Garland of Rachel. This 
book, printed by Charles Henry Olive Daniel of Worcester 
College, Oxford, for his daughter Rachel, contains poems by 
Daniel's distinguished friends, including Lewis Carroll ("What 
hands may wreath thy natal crown") and Austin Dobson 
("How shall I sing you, Child, for whom"). The white vellum 
Lindseth copy is on a par with the copy 
in the Rare Book Room of the Library of 
Congress. Passing by shelves of in- 
scribed copies, I moved to the transla- 
tions, where Jon has the rare 1908 
"Granstrem" Russian translation and the 
1912 Rozhdestvenskaja translation (fea- 
turing "pirated" Charles Robinson illus- 
trations) together with the Vladimir 
Nabokov 1923 translation (under his V. 
Sirin pseudonym) present both in illus- 
trated boards and in wrappers, and 
housed together in a handsome protec- 
tive case. One must also note the great 
care with which books and fragile pam- 
phlets have been encased in protective, 
acid-free boxes. Indeed, the housing of 
the collection surpasses what one finds 
in some of the major research libraries. 
Finally, as an indication of the biblio- 
graphic esoterica one may find there, I 



by August A. Imholtz, Jr. 

mention only the curious case of an "A' Burn Bindery Ticket". 
In their Lewis Carroll's Alice Charlie and Stephanie Lovett 
reproduced a photograph comparing the three then-known 
varieties of the Burn Bindery tickets pasted to the lower left 
corner of the inner rear cover of the early editions of the 
Alice books. The varieties of this little diamond-shaped 
sticker, labeled conventionally A, B, and C by the Lovetts, 
vary in a number of respects including the presence or ab- 
sence of the abbreviation "& Co," but one of the Lindseth 
books contains a bindery sticker which clearly falls between 
the A and B varieties thereby constituting a previously un- 
recorded (A') variant! 

Having marveled at the Lindseth Collection for more 
than an hour, we all assembled in the spacious living room 
for the first of our two afternoon talks. Jim Kaval, a past 
president of the Rowfant Club in Cleveland, which was 
founded in 1 892 and is one of the oldest and finest biblio- 
phile societies in the country, gave a brief history of the 
Rowfant, where we would gather for our evening dinner. 

The home which is now the clubhouse of the 
Rowfant Club was built in 1 838 facing Euclid Avenue in down- 
town Cleveland and later was moved to its present location 
at East 30th and Prospect. The building was acquired by the 

club in 1895. The name of the 
club, "Rowfant," derives from 
the close association of one of 
the club's founders, Paul 
Lemperly, with the British au- 
thor and bibliophile, Frederick 
Locker-Lampson, whose home 
and library in England was 
called Rowfant. Austin Dob- 
son, a minor late- 1 9th and early- 
20th century poet and acknowl- 
edged authority on 18th cen- 
tury British literature, was a 
friend of Locker-Lampson 's 
and became an honorary mem- 
ber of the Rowfant Club. In 1 935 
the Rowfant Club published 
An Austin Dobson Letter Book 
compiled by his son Alban, and 
now holds all of Dobson's sev- 
enteen titles in various editions 




along with 5 manuscripts, but not his candlestick. To share 
their communal love of books, Rowfant members regularly 
meet for dinner, and in the early days of the club, each mem- 
ber placed his own candlestick on the table to mark his place 
for dinner. A candlestick, now more symbolic of the illumina- 
tion afforded by books, became a sine qua non for member- 
ship in the Rowfant Club. Each member has his own candle- 
stick on perpetual deposit at the club and they are used to 
mark places just as they were a hundred years ago. (I remem- 
ber quite well the small Corinthian silver candlestick I se- 
lected from the shelves lining the dining room that evening.) 
If a Dobson candlestick had been there, it probably would 
have held pride of place at our dinner for it is certainly pos- 
sible that Dodgson knew Dobson. Both Carroll and Dobson 
for a good part of their lives wrote as an avocation, Dobson 
serving as a senior clerk in the British civil service and 
Dodgson's career well known to us all. And although I have 
not seen it, there is something almost Carrollian about the 
title of one of Austin Dobson's books — The Civil Service 
Handbook of English Literature. 

Following Jim's enlightening talk, we enjoyed a de- 
licious buffet lunch of "ham and hay" and the kind of con- 
versation which typically, as at the Rowfant Club too I am 
sure, makes meetings so enjoyable. 

Jon Lindseth introduced the afternoon's second 
speaker, Morton N. Cohen, whose splendid new biography 
is reviewed elsewhere in this issue. Morton's talk was en- 
titled "What we have done and where we are going." And 
indeed, like Moses, he reviewed where we had been and 
showed us where we still might go. Beginning not so much at 
the beginning, as the King of Hearts would have insisted - 
Moses after all had enough of kings - Morton went back to 
1 982 and recalled a sort of "state of the Carroll world" talk he 
gave at Oxford. Its title was "Where do we go from here?" 
and, fittingly, he suggested a number of projects. At that 
time there was even more to be done. Now, some thirteen 
years later, what has happened in the Carroll universe? 

Both the Lewis Carroll Societies in Great Britain and 
North America are flourishing. A new Lewis Carroll Society 
was established in Japan last year [see p.6] and is already 
busy publishing. Meetings are well attended from London to 
Tokyo, and from New York to Cleveland. And in society at 
large there is much interest in Lewis Carroll and his works. 

Hagar the Horrible By Chris Browne 



What has been published in the past thirteen years? 
In 1987 Lewis Carroll's Letters to Macmillian appeared un- 
der Morton Cohen's editorship and a second edition of the 
Letters of Lewis Carroll came out in 1 989. Anne Clark Amor 
edited the Letters to Skeffington in 1 990 and currently Ed- 
ward Wakeling and Morton Cohen are working on an edition 
of Carroll's letters to his illustrators, with later volumes of 
letters to Henry Savile Clarke and the public letters slated to 
follow. In 1 982 Morton had expressed a desire, felt by many, 
for the publication of the full text of the surviving Carroll 
diaries. The British Society has now undertaken that task 
under the capable editorship of Edward Wakeling. Morton 
did, however, lament the fact that they were bearing the pub- 
lishing responsibility and expense themselves rather than 
working through an academic or commercial publisher. He 
felt, probably correctly, that a university press would have 
been able to distribute the book more broadly, ensure re- 
views of it in the academic journals, and thus increase aware- 
ness and possibly sales of the work. 

Morton also recalled speaking with Mavis Batey 
and Stan Marx about a scholarly edition of the collected pam- 
phlets of Lewis Carroll; and now thanks to the Lewis Carroll 
Society of North America we have The Oxford Pamphlets, 
Letters and Circulars of Charles Lutwidge Dodgson superbly 
edited by Edward Wakeling, and The Mathematical Pam- 
phlets of Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, and Related Pieces 
brilliantly edited by Francine Abeles - a work which already 
is beginning to alter the traditional view of Dodgson's role in 
the history of mathematics. Peter Heath, philosopher and 
past president of the LCSNA, is now at work on the logic 
pamphlets volume in this series. Modestly, Morton Cohen 
mentioned the appearance of his long awaited biography of 
Carroll and, almost in the same breath, the biography by 
Michael Bakewell due out in the spring of 1 996. 

In addition, Lewis Carroll's contribution to voting 
theory and systems has been radically reinterpreted by the 
late Duncan Black in England and by his disciples Ian McLean 
and A.B. Urken. [citation in the Far-Flung section, p. 1 1] 

Bibliographically, we have seen the publication of 
such seminal works as Byron Se well's Much of a Muchness 
listing the American editions of the Alice books and Charles 
Lovett's Alice on Stage. But these are only some of the high- 
lights of what has been accomplished. What remains to do? 






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Toward the Carroll "CD-ROMs" being developed 
in Germany and "in this country by our president Joel 
Birenbaum," Morton Cohen directed laments worthy of 
Jeremiah. In spite of many fine publications in recent years, 
he decried the fact that we still do not have an authoritative 
text of the Alice books nor a variorum edition. This, we are 
sad to say, is certainly true. Nor is there an authoritative list 
of Lewis Carroll's own works and the secondary literature. 
Something better than a new edition of the Handbook is 
clearly required. An index to the journal Jabberwocky is also 
sorely desired. And for the photographs, we still have only 
Gernsheim's small book; nothing having come of Colin Ford's 
plans for a catalogue raisonne of Carroll's photographs. 
Morton himself, without too much trouble, could tabulate 
about 1 000 of them. Perhaps the work being planned by Jef- 
frey Stern and Edward Wakeling, with substantial support 
from Jon Lindseth, will redress this imbalance of attention. 

In regard to Lewis Carroll's poetry there has been 
no new edition since the 1932 volume which is egregiously 
incomplete. Morton suggested that perhaps the LCSNA on 
the occasion of the centenary of Carroll's death should pub- 
lish an edition of his uncollected verse. He also suggested 
that we issue a facsimile edition of the youthful but amusing 
La Guida di Bragia and a facsimile of Useful and Instructive 
Poetry — the manuscripts of both reside in the Berol Collec- 
tion at NYU. Morton thought very little indeed of the society's 
tentative idea to publish an international selection of Lewis 
Carroll obituaries in 1 998 (author's note: it is one of those "if 
not now, then never" projects). 

Nor has there been a study of Carroll's reading. As 
an example, Morton gave a splendid explication of the effect 
of Dickens' account of Paul Dombey's death in Dombey and 
Son had on the young Dodgson. He pointed out resemblances 
between the real Charles Dodgson at Rugby and the fictional 
Paul Dombey at Dr. Blimber's establishment where boys were 
force-fed "intellectual asparagus, mathematical gooseberries 
out of time" and much more. In his new biography, Morton 
explores further how Charles, like Paul Dombey, kept his char- 
acter to himself and why he wept at the boy's death. 

Finally, Morton called for a kind of "Inter-National 
Union Catalog of Lewis Carroll Original Materials" and an 
index to the volumes listed in Jeffrey Stern's compilation of 
auction catalogs of Carroll's library. He concluded in a 
Burnsian mode saying that there is no need to nourish the 
literary critics. They are an autogenetic breed, spiders of lit- 
erature spinning their webs of speculation, iconoclasm, and 
outrageous half-truths. These spiders produce essays like: 
"Childhood's end: Lewis Carroll and the image of the rat" or 
"New credit to Queen Victoria as author: also wrote Alice 
books." It is rather the bees we should encourage, those 
workers toiling in the fields of literary history. And although 
he certainly would not have said it, Lewis Carroll has never 
had a more fervent bee than Morton N. Cohen himself, not 
even the Wasp in a Wig. 

At 5:30 p.m. sharp a bus arrived at our hotel to take 
us all downtown to the Rowfant Club where we chatted over 
cocktails, met other members of the Club, and admired the 



small Carroll display Jon had mounted in one of the exhibi- 
tion cases, artfully juxtaposing the Treatise on Determinants 
with the Alice books. "Just before dinner was served, we 
were treated to splendid musical renderings of "The Lobster 
Quadrille" sung by John Duke, "At the Banquet" by Dimitri 
Tiomkin and Nathaniel Finston, "I'm Late" by Sammy Fain, 
and of course, "The Mock Turtle's Song ("Beautiful Soup" 
— which we had!) also by the accomplished John Duke. All 
found the interlude delightful. 

Following a fine dinner in the long refectory of the 
club, we adjourned to the meeting room where Dr. Selwyn H. 
Goodacre addressed us on the topic "Lewis Carroll Collect- 
ing - Jam Yesterday, Jam Today - What of Tomorrow?" 

He began, in deference to the Rowfant connection 
with Austin Dobson - a hitherto unknown fact to all of us 
not privy to the Rowfant's secrets - with a few comments on 
the intriguing Rackham 1907 edition of Alice for which Dob- 
son had written a "proem." This led, somehow or other, to a 
barbershop in England where Selwyn found himself a few 
weeks ago. While his head was afloat in barber's basin, [pre- 
sumably still attached - ed.] he was shown an Alice book and 
two realizations occurred instantly: 1 ) he did not have it; and 
2) he had to have it. The consummate collector. 

But Carroll books were not always offered under 
such circumstances. At the original auction of Carroll's ef- 
fects, Harold Hartley was present and actively acquiring 
books. (Some of those Harold Hartley acquisitions may have 
made their way to the Lindseth Collection!) And there was, 
at the same time, the mysterious Mrs. Ffooks whom Falconer 
Madan said watched for and collected Carrolliana before and 
after Carroll's death. In the first half of the twentieth century 
Carroll collecting was dominated by Americans, especially 
Morris Parrish and Harcourt Amory. Both of those collectors 
produced admirable catalogs of their collections. Meanwhile, 
in England, Alice Hargreaves herself, Madan, and Sydney 
Herbert Williams were all amassing Carroll collections. Henry 
Huntington entered the collectors' arena in the 1920s and 
after the 1932 centenary of the birth of Lewis Carroll, the 
young Author Houghton seriously began to collect. Also in 
the 1930s Professor Zanetti in America and Harmsworth in 
Britain were at work. Then in the 1940s, while Selwyn 
Goodacre was a little boy, Alfred Berol and Warren Weaver 
expanded their collecting activities. Many years later, Dr. 
Goodacre corresponded with Berol, and Warren Weaver sent 
him his essay on the "Lewis Carroll Correspondence Num- 
bers." Today the Berol Collection is at NYU and the Weaver 
Collection at the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center 
at the University of Texas. But Dr. Goodacre is still collecting 
and that brings us to "Jam Today." 

To answer the question of whether it is still pos- 
sible to build a Lewis Carroll collection, one need only look at 
the Jon Lindseth Collection. In England today the Richards, 
Wakeling, and Goodacre collections are alive and growing; 
while in the U.S. there are the Burstein, Lovett, and Schaefer 
collections to mention only a few. Dogged pursuit of the 
quarry and a good admixture of luck yields rewards in book 

Concluded on p. 8 



Leaves from the Deanery Garden 

"The proper definition of 'Man' is 'an animal that writes 
letters. '" With the Master's words, we herewith inaugurate 
a new column of Letters to the Editor. Letters may be some- 
what abridged and modified from the original. Editorial 
comments or replies will be in [square brackets], as they are 
throughout the newsletter, and Joel's are in {wiggly ones}. 

Only by trying things will you know what to do with the 

Knight Letter. I read and enjoy every word and have faith 
in you - so try some new ideas if you wish. Good luck - and 
know that newsletters hold our organization together. 

Best wishes, 

Carol Droessler 
Raleigh NC 

I have just received my copy of 
Knight Letter and I feel I must correct 
a misapprehension that seems to have 
occurred somewhere down the line. 

Firstly, we do not celebrate Carroll's 
connection with Llandudno, our con- 
nection is with Alice Liddell, who spent 
about ten of her Golden Summers here 
at the house her father built. We do 
not really think that Dodgson ever vis- 
ited Llandudno during this time. We 
do know that, when he was a young 
boy, his family spent at least one holi- 
day at Beaumaris on the Isle of 
Anglesey about 25 miles away from 
here over the Menai Straits, in fact the 
Menai Bridge is referred to in the White 
Knight's poem in the book. 

I enclose a (pamphlet) wrtten by my wife [Alice Liddell, Lewis 
Carroll and Alice of Wonderland: The Welsh Connection by 
Muriel Ratcliffe], which leaves the door slightly ajar, but we 
are 99.5% certain that (despite) what it says on the White 
Rabbit Statue on the West Shore, Dodgson did not ever visit 
the Liddles here in Llandudno. Of course as stated in the 
Knight Letter we all know that the story was first conceived 
and told rowing up the river from Oxford to Godstow. 

Best wishes, 

Murray Ratcliffe 
Llandudno, North Wales 

/Mea culpa, if there were any misunderstandings. Readers 
planning to be in England may visit the Ratcliffe 's charm- 
ing "Rabbit Hole " where one walks "through a warren of 
beautiful life-size scenes. ..animated and designed in the 
authentic style of the original book " See KL#50for their 
address, and do send for their delightful catalog. J 




Thanks for a wonderful Knight Letter - full of interesting & 
enticing tidbits. In the "Mad Hatter Day" piece, though, you 
ought to have put "[sic]" after the "Red Queen's 'sentence 
first, then the verdict!'" because it's all wrong. I think what 
they meant was the Red Queen (yes, not red for Hearts, this 
time) with her ability to remember things before they hap- 
pened. 

Anyway, another of my reasons for writing is the solicitation 
for feedback - and my vote is Yes to every question. I also 
think you don't really need such luxurious paper. I'm saving 
every copy & while it's good quality and we all appreciate 
quality, it probably doesn't have to be quite so thick. But all 
your ideas are great - yes to pictures and letters to the editor 
especially. I'm very interested, too, in the map of all things 
Alice which the society might 
undertake, including museum col- 
lections & (if it's not too gauche 
& if the map can be updated peri- 
odically) even stores which spe- 
cialize in Alice stuff- such as that 
Frye's Electronics in L.A. - I'd 
love to see that! 



Apropos of the Hatter, even after 
the middle of the last century, 
sugar bakers used to coat their 
sugar with white lead, to make it 
appear more appealing. If, at the 
March Hare's tea table it was "al- 
ways tea-time," the Hare and the 
Hatter must have inadvertently 
consumed at least a dozen daily 
doses of lead with their tea and 
suffered from lead poisoning. 
Added to the mercury which the 
Hatter absorbed while curing the felt for his hats, it's no 
wonder the Hatter was Mad. Symptoms of lead poisoning 
include drowsiness (the Dormouse), erratic behavior, hyper- 
activity (changing places all the time), irritability, and short- 
term memory loss (can't remember the answer to the riddle he 
asked). Sometimes lead poisoning is joined by "pica"- eating 
non-food items, such as the paint chips parents always worry 
about, but also tea-cups with lead-based glaze. 

So yes, shake it up, have fun, Mr. Editor! 

Yours truly, 

Molly Martin 
Walnut Creek C A 

[The following letter is actually an accumulation and ex- 
traction of correspondence between Mssrs. Gilbert, 
Birenbaum, and Burstein] 

I am responding to your call for feedback about the Knight 
Letter. I am glad that someone is asking for opinions. While 




I have enjoyed reading the newsletter and have found it quite 
informative, I have had a feeling that the American society is 
somewhat elitist. It seems that there is an inner circle of mem- 
bers. I have written to several members, as well as the news- 
letter. The responses that I have received (if any) have been 
brief and have shown no indication of pleasant discourse. 
All of this has caused me to feel like an outsider in the Soci- 
ety; therefore, I have excluded myself from Societal func- 
tions such as meetings, fund-raising, etc. I have retained my 
membership merely as an American source of Carrollian and 
Alician information. I have heard similar responses from a 
few others, with whom I do correspond. I am very pleased 
that you have asked for opinions and ideas. 

{I am sorry to hear that there is still the notion of an "in 
crowd", but of course there is some truth to that, lhave been 
trying to overcome the barrier that this creates and would 
appreciate any suggestions. Part of the "in crowd" nature 
of this [or any other] organization is due to the fact that a 
handful of people do most of the work, therefore they are 
around when the decisions are made. As you say, it makes 
for a less friendly society. Please don 't give up on us.} 

I've only been able to attend one meeting (Boston). It didn't 
seem much like people (friends?) with a common interest, but 
rather like a lecture at college. Perhaps an informal social 
period before the meeting, then the meeting, then lunch. I did 
not attend the lunch, because the meeting (and break) seemed 
unwelcoming. 

[I, too, deeply regret that you perceive the meetings this 
way. We always have "social " gathering before, in-between, 
during, and after meetings with this intention. It has been 
suggested, and sometimes implemented, that we "go around 
the room" introducing ourselves, as a way of breaking 
through shyness and being able to focus on other people 
with exactly similar interests (collecting, mushrooms, eru- 
dite ephemera, w hat-have -you). But a meeting, like Tom 
Lehrer s definition of Life, "is like a sewer: what you get out 
of it depends on what you put into it". I really believe the 
underlying problem is simply time - that given a small space 
of time, we often are forced to concentrate on urgent busi- 
ness with other officers etc. Both the "in-crowd" and "new 
faces " should heed Alice 's advice, ". . . if you only spoke when 
you were spoken to, and the other person always waited for 
you to begin, you see nobody would ever say anything... "] 

I have long held the opinion that the US society is the more 
scholarly club, and that the British society is the fun group. 
Perhaps being so very serious and scholarly is not so ter- 
rible, (the U.S. society produces excellent writings and analy- 
sis) but it does limit our appeal. Quite honestly, I do not mind 
the current arrangement. I enjoy learning new things about 
Carroll from the U.S. society, and enjoy the non-sense of the 
British society and Dodo club. 

(As for being a "fun" society, that's another issue. There is 
certainly a faction that would be appalled at the idea. 1 
think we should be primarily a serious society that has some 
fun. I know I do.} 



[The issue of the identity of the society is a long-standing 
and fundamental one. My personal leanings are toward the 
Lewis Carroll end of the spectrum, as I do not believe that 
there would be a "Charles Dodgson Society" composed of 
people exclusively interested in his mathematical writings 
and other arcana. But the society welcomes the entire spec- 
trum from the scholarly to the whimsical, and we try to bal- 
ance our meetings between humor and erudition. Although 
the notion of a "serious study of Lewis Carroll" might be 
somewhat oxymoronic (like "co-dependency support 
group "), we continue to be extremely proud of our contri- 
butions to the ever-growing body of literary scholarship, 
criticism, and hermeneutics which surround these classics.] 

I have two comments about the Knight Letter. 

The first is that many of the bits in the "Far-Flung" section 
are too old. For example: I had an interest in some of the 
Alician products from Past Times of England. However, when 
I called, I was informed that all of the items that were listed 
are from an old catalogue and are no longer available. I realize 
that the KL cannot be printed so often as to allow articles to 
appear in a timely manner. Perhaps the Society could print a 
small flyer, which calls members' attention to current items 
being sold. I also realize that many people do not submit 
things timely. 

[The " Far-Flung - Art and Artifacts" section is, quite frankly, 
my least favorite. Personally, I don 'tfeel that the accumula- 
tion of "tchotchkas" is at the core of our Society's goals. 
Collectors also form a minority within the Society, and many 
of them collect only books or other significa. But 1 welcome 
other opinions. By listing items, what we are really doing is 
encouraging you to either phone or get on the mailing list 
of these catalogs to get Alician items as they come out. We 
cannot be responsible for the timeliness of all items, but we 
do our best. Of course, the information on our Home Page 
on the World Wide Web is kept much more up-to-date.] 

The second item is that I would like to see something along 
the lines of an expert's column. It would be very useful for 
novice members to write with questions about Mr. Dodgson, 
Alice, books, collectibles, or other items of interest, and re- 
ceive information about them from some of our more experi- 
enced members. 

[Anent inquiries, people who have written to the Society 
c/o Joel, the Secretary, or me with legitimate questions have 
by and large found that we do our best to research or opine 
on the issues raised. If the questions are of general enough 
interest, I would have no problem printing them in this very 
section.] 

Finally, I thought you might be interested in this bit. I enjoy 
puzzles and so forth. My favorites are hunting for 42s. I've 
found two, that I am told, have not been noted before. 

The first is on the Hatter's hat. 10/6 or 10 Shillings 6 pence 

converted to pence is 126p., divided by 3 is 42. 

continued 



[Robert Anton Wilson's "Law of Fives" from the Illuminati 
trilogy, puts this kind of numerology into perspective for 
me, to wit: "Every phenomenon can be directly or indirectly 
related to the number five (or any other number), given 
enough ingenuity on the part of the demonstrator. " As a 
mathematician, I can enjoy such tricks, but do not find any 
particular significance therein.] 

Also, two guinea-pigs were at the White Rabbit's house. A 

guinea equals 2 1 shillings, so two guineas is, of course, 42 
shillings. 

[Now that one I like!] 

Wishing you all the best, 

Richard Gilbert 
North Waterboro ME 

In his lively account of the society's spring meeting at Co- 
lumbia University (KL#50), Mark Burstein quoted in full the 
pompous citation read by Nicholas Murray Butler, president 
of Columbia, upon the presentation of an Honorary Doctor- 
ate of Letters to Alice Pleasance Hargreaves. In the reference 
to Aristotle at the end of Butler's prolix tribute to Alice, the 
Greek accents may be a bit hard to make out in the Knight 
Letter and a % seems to have been printed instead of a k in 
the word eveKa but these are minor slips. The real problem is 
with Nicholas Murray Butler. 

If Lewis Carroll had been listening on that May 2, 1932, as 
Alice had hoped, he surely would have been doubly dis- 
turbed to have heard Alice described as "the moving cause, 
Aristotle's to ov evem of this noteworthy contribution to 
English literature." The Greek words mean the final cause 
(that for the sake of which), not the "moving cause" (usually 
translated as the "efficient cause"). Furthermore, the efficient 
cause of the "noteworthy contribution" (i.e. Alices Adven- 
tures in Wonderland) is, of course, Lewis Carroll himself; 
and not even an honorary doctorate from Columbia can 
change that. 

Sincerely yours, 

August Imholtz, Jr. 
BeltsvilleMD 

[We are privileged to have a scholar of your erudition among 
our ranks, Avyovaros: In your honor I have purchased a set 
of classical Greek fonts for the newsletter, and I 'm sure Alice 's 
father Dean Liddell will bless this undertaking. For illus- 
trative purposes, in the matter of these fonts, your letter 
then may be said to exemplify the idea of Aristotle 's words, 
" there is the end or purpose, [or the sake of which (tov'to 
S' earl to ov eue/ca) the process is initiated.... " 

On an irreverent note, if I may: 

"An ecclesiastic up in Purdue / Kept an old cat in his pew 
Which he was teaching to speak / Alphabetical Greek 
But rarely got further than p. "] 



The Founding of the Lewis Carroll Society of Japan 
by Yoshiy uki Momma, LCSJ Chairman 

During the Second International Lewis Carroll Con- 
ference held in Winston-Salem, North Carolina last summer, 
the four Japanese delegates - Kazumi Goto, Katsuko Kasai, 
Kimmie Kusumoto, and I - met on a foggy Sunday morning, 
June 1 1 , and formally agreed to establish the Lewis Carroll 
Society of Japan (LCSJ). Knight Letter #47 reported this event 
with the optimistic note "Rumor has it that the next Interna- 
tional Conference may be in Tokyo." 



Rumor has it that the next 
International Conference 
may be in Tokyo! 



At that time Kazumi Goto was working in London, 
so we postponed our next organizing meeting until his return 
that fall. And so, on the evening of October 31st, the four 
founding members met again to decide on the roles of the 
committee. Fortunately, Edward Wakeling [chairman emeri- 
tus of the LCS of Great Britain] just happened to be visiting 
Japan then at the invitation of the Japan Foundation, and 
was able to observe the proceedings. He wrote in his diary: 

"... We decided to go out to a restaurant for supper. 
This became an intense meeting to sort out the arrangement 
for the new Society ... Kazumi acted as the 'devil's disciple' 
in offering various options, but gradually a consensus was 
reached. The Society would consist of four officers for the 
first two years with co-opted helpers. The Chairman was 
Yoshi, Secretary was Katsuko, Treasurer was Kimie, and 
Programme Officer was Kazumi. In my opinion, very good 
choices. The Society will meet monthly except in February 
and August. The membership subscription was set at ¥3,000. 
Professor Takahashi was ratified as the President. Yoshi will 
give a talk at the first meeting. Other members will then follow 
suit." 

For a long time it has been my dream to set up a 
Lewis Carroll Society in Japan. Since my 1 980 visit to David 
and Maxine Schaefer in Maryland, and my meeting Edward 
Wakeling on a 1982 Lewis Carroll Tour, they have been say- 
ing "How about organizing a Lewis Carroll Society in Ja- 
pan?", "It is time to establish a LCSJ", "You should found 
the LCSJ now!", and so on. In this sense, I would like to 
thank them for their patience with me, for they have been 
waiting for the LCSJ for such a long time! During those years 
I had tried several times to establish a LCSJ, but always in 
vain. The closest we had come was in 1987 with Michael 
Bannard, Sho Suzuki, and myself. We had agreed to arrange 



the details for the Society right after Michael came back from 
his sojourn in Europe, but he was never to return here, for a 
tragic traffic accident in France claimed his life. Dr. Michael 
Bannard was my best friend and godfather to my daughter 
Reiko. His sudden death deprived me of all the energy I had 
for establishing the LCSJ. But at long last, seven years later, 
in Winston-Salem, our dream came true. 

I want everyone 
who loves Alice and 
Carroll to join our Society 
and share their love with 
us. I would like to have ev- 
eryone in the world know 
how very much Alice and 
Carroll are loved in Japan. 
We have been enchanted 
since Through The Look- 
ing Glass was translated in 
1899 and Alice's Adven- 
tures in Wonderland in 
1909. There are about 60 
different Japanese editions 
of the Alice books cur- 
rently in print. 

Our society has 
grown to over 60 members 
- including overseas mem- 
bers from the U.K., U.S.A., 
Canada, Holland, and Swe- 
den. Our officers are: 
Yasunari Takahashi, Presi- 
dent; Yoshiyuki Momma, Chair- 
man; Katsuko Kasai, Secretary and 
Newsletter Editor; Kimie Kusumoto, 
Treasurer, Kazumi Goto, Programme 
Organizer; and Tokuji Shimogasa, 




Humpty Dumpty © 
Ink & Oil on Board 



Kuniko Taira, Regional Coordinators. We try to publish our 
newsletter The Looking-Glass Letter every month. The news- 
letter combines articles and letters in both English and Japa- 
nese. We have been doing very well. I hope that all the Lewis 
Carroll Societies in the U.K., U.S.A., and Japan cooperate 
with each other to promote interest in Alice and Carroll. 

To request an application form, please write to the 
Secretary (Katsuko Kasai, 
3-6-15 Funato, Abiko 270- 
1 1 , Japan) and then return it 
to her and the subscription 
fee (¥3,000) to the Treasurer 
(Kimie Kusumoto, 3-5-3 
Somechi, Chofu, Tokyo 1 82, 
Japan). 

[Anyone who has met Yoshi 
has inevitably succumbed 
to his boyish charm, self-ef- 
facing humor, and great love 
for Carroll. We wish him and 
the LCSJ the very best. 

Carroll-mania is a huge in- 
dustry in Japan. The Japa- 
nese people, with their in- 
tellect, love of whimsy, and 
devotion to their children, 
are "naturals". Books and 
ephemera are constantly 
being published. One of my 
favorites is a leatherette 
photo folder with the em- 
bossed slogan "Dedicated 
to Alice Liddell - Intermi- 
nable Fairy Tale".] 



1995 Leslie Allen 
Created for the Knight Letter 



^Jn memoriam 

On Oct. 1, 1995, Alexander M. Roushailo died of a heart attack in Moscow. He was 59 years old. A 
mathematician and physicist by training, Mr. Roushailo became Russia's preeminent Carroll collector as well as 
a respected bibliographer and Carroll researcher. In 1 990 he mounted an exhibition of his Carroll collection under 
the auspices of the Bibliophile Society of the USSR and issued an exhibition catalog. In October of 1 994 another 
exhibition followed at Moscow's Museum of Ex Libris. He is survived by his wife, Rita, two daughters, and a 
grandson, Nikita, who, he said in a recent interview in the journal Biblioteka, would be carrying on his collection. 
He will be missed by friends and fellow collectors in Russia, Canada, and the U.S. 

Helmut Gernsheim, who helped create the academic study of the history of photography and became 
one of its most influential and prolific practitioners in the course of assembling an extensive private collection, 
died at the age of 82 in Lugano, Switzerland, on July 20th. He had produced 26 books and many exhibitions over 
the course of his active life, from his German birth through long periods of living in England. His studies of Lewis 
Carroll were particularly groundbreaking. The collection now dwells in the Harry Ransom Humanities Research 
Center at the University of Texas in Austin and he is survived by his wife, Irene. 



Robert Wilson's Alice at 

The Brooklyn Academy of Music 

Review by Monica Edinger 

The Cheshire Cat batting about Lewis Carroll's 
crumpled, discarded letters to Alice, an ever-growing Cater- 
pillar, a middle-aged Alice fighting insomnia and drink in a 
vivid red bedroom, Victorian Vicars dancing and singing, 
Black and White Knights battling, and a harsh frightening 
Trial are a few of the arresting images in Robert Wilson's 
Alice which was given its American premiere at the Brooklyn 
Academy of Music's Next Wave Festival on October 6, 1 995. 
Robert Wilson has long been known for his avant-garde the- 
atrical visions. Perhaps most well known is his collaboration 
with Philip Glass, "Einstein on the Beach." Visually stun- 
ning, disturbing, and thought-provoking, Wilson's produc- 
tions are unforgettable. Alice is no exception. Directed and 
designed by Wilson, the music and lyrics are by Tom Waits 
and Kathleen Brennan and the text by Paul Schmidt. 

Schmidt writes in a program note that "The struc- 
ture of the piece takes characters and incidents from the Alice 
books and juxtaposes them with aspects of the life of Charles 
Dodgson and of Victorian England. Dodgson's preeminence 
as a photographer plays a part, as do the freaks of Victorian 
circuses and side-shows." The Alice on view at BAM is 
performed by members of the Thalia Theatre in Hamburg, 
Germany where it was first presented two years ago. It is 
performed in a mixture of English and German with surtitles. 
Fluent in German, I could not help watching the surtitles to 
see what was translated and how well. Much was not trans- 
lated at all and one serious error occurred when Carroll's 
letters to Alice were referred to as "her" letters, implying she 
wrote them instead of him. (The error was in using sie in- 
stead of er.) 

I left the performance in awe of Wilson's vision and 
at a bit of a loss as how to communicate my opinion of the 
piece to the Lewis Carroll Society of North America, a very 
contrary group indeed! The piece is very much the vision of 
the artists involved in its creation and far from more conven- 
tional interpretations of the Alice texts and Lewis Carroll him- 
self. Wilson alternates larger scenes with short "knee plays" 
[entr'actes]. The scenes are highly visual and dramatic while 
the knee plays are lighter in tone. Knee 3, for example, is 
"Fish and Frog" set before the Duchess's house, and done 
for humorous effect. Directly thereafter is "Pig and Pepper", 
a mesmerizing scene of plates flying, sneezing, baby howls 
and pig grunts. Intermission separates "Wonderland" from 
"Looking-glass". 

I particularly enjoyed the inclusion of less well 
known pieces, such as the image of Alice and the fawn in the 
woods, and the game of Doublets. Visually, the production 
is typical Wilson - huge open spaces, large blocks of color, a 
few angular pieces of furniture, lots of black and white. The 
music is wonderful. Tom Waits works in a vaudeville tradi- 
tion. His sound has always made me think of sideshows and 
Kurt Weill. In this production he utilizes a number of unique 



instruments including the theremin, an electronic instrument 
that makes sounds in response to movements from hands 
above it. Other instruments include the stro-violin, 
waterphones, and bug. This is not a production for those 
who like their Alice and Carroll pure and true to Victorian 
times. It is beautiful, highly original, and personal, very much 
Robert Wilson's Alice rather than Carroll's. I recommend it 
to those who enjoy avant-garde work and are open to wild 
personal interpretations of the Alice stories. You will be 
enthralled, repulsed, delighted, and bemused by this highly 
unique work. 



Looking for Jabberwocky in 
Choctaw, Esperanto, or 
Klingon? 

Check out the Lewis Carroll 
Home Page on the World 
Wide Web! 

http://www.students.uiuc.edu/~jbirenba/carroll.html 



"Autumnal Bounty, " cont. from p. 3 

collecting. And in this often high-priced world, even 
Sotheby's sometimes nods. A few years ago Dr. Goodacre 
bought two six-shilling Alices from Sotheby's for fifteen 
pounds. Upon examining them at home, he was pleasantly 
surprised to see an Easter Greeting flutter out and then, 
mirabile dictu, from the other an 1 884 Christmas Greeting. 

"Jam Tomorrow". There are still books to be found 
and that is all the more reason for the kind of database Morton, 
though he might not have used that d- word, was advocating 
earlier. Selwyn fondly recalled some of his early purchases 
while still a medical student in Birmingham. These reflections 
led him to comment on that sensation familiar to all collectors 
when, upon seeing an irresistible item at an acceptable or 
better price, one senses one's hand turning into a prehensile 
claw. 

Actually, Selwyn's pioneer work on the claw phe- 
nomenon has fittingly entered the medical literature as the 
Goodacre Syndrome, international standard disease classifi- 
cation No. 306.0042, according to which there is a loss of 
motor function in the hand due to emotional or psychologi- 
cal origin associated with a Lewis Carroll book, specifically 
there occurs a hyperextension of the metacarpophalangeal 
joint and flexion of the proximal joint from paralysis of the 
interosseous muscles. 

Jon Lindseth thanked Dr. Goodacre for his amusing 
and informed talk and presented him with a copy of Morton 
Cohen's new biography of Lewis Carroll. A momentary, 
quickly suppressed, clawlike motion was discerned from the 
rear of the hall. 



Ravings from the Writing Desk 
of Joel Birenbaum 

Why am I raving from a writing desk? It gives me a 
chance to pass along random thoughts before they softly 
and suddenly vanish away. Hrnmm, mixed references - not 
nearly as interesting as an unanswered riddle, but it will have 
to do. 

There is a full summary of our Spring meeting in 
Cleveland in this issue, but allow me to pass on some infor- 
mation from the board meeting and make a few observations 
on the general meeting. We were lucky enough to have in 
attendance Mark Richards, Treasurer of the LCS (UK). He 
proposed a closer link between our two societies by having 
members on each other's board or committee as the case may 
be. All of our board members heartily agreed that this was an 
excellent idea. This formalization of ties will keep us apprised 
of each others planned projects, so that we don't duplicate 
efforts in our quest to make Carroll more accessible to the 
scholars and the public. It was also agreed that I would be 
the LCSNA representative on the LCS committee and it was 
suggested that Mark Richards would be a good candidate 
for our board. This would allow us to communicate more 
often via electronic mail (e-mail). 

We have always had an informal link between the 
LCS and LCSNA, but I think that this formal arrangement will 
open new doors of opportunity for both groups. We are com- 
mitted to coming up with an easier way to distribute each 
other's publications. This alone would be a great step for- 
ward. Perhaps I will report items of interest from the LCS 
committee meetings in the Knight Letter. Maybe we will have 
our next meeting in London -just kidding. 

We did discuss future meetings. As Janet Jurist will 
be retiring from her position as Program Chair (which she has 
handled with amazing alacrity) after the Spring '96 meeting in 
Philadelphia on April 27, we thought it prudent to come up 
with a replacement. The problem is that in the past Janet has 
taken it upon herself to do most of the meeting-related tasks 
herself. Everyone else is afraid to take on that level of re- 
sponsibility and who can blame them? Our meeting in Cleve- 
land was organized entirely by Jon Lindseth. That meeting 
was a great success and I think we should take this as our 
model for future meetings. That is to say that members should 
volunteer (long in advance) to organize a meeting. They would 
handle the on site logistics as well as arrange for guest speak- 
ers. This will not obviate the need for a Program Chair, but it 
will make that job more reasonable in scope and less stress- 
ful. The Program Chair would advise the individual meeting 
coordinators and provide assistance or find assistants. Any- 
one interested in being Program Chair should contact me. 

I would like to thank the following people for offer- 
ing their services in organizing future meetings: Barbara 
Fellicetti, Kitty Minehart, Andy Malcolm, and Nell Burks (for 
her long standing offer). It would appear that a likely sce- 
nario after Philadelphia is: Providence RI in Fall '96; New 
York in Spring '97; California in Fall '97; New York in Spring 
'98. If you are wondering why we have almost half of our 



meetings in New York, it is because we always get 50% to 
1 00% greater attendance at those meetings. What is the good 
of a meeting without attendees? 

During their talks at the general meeting, both 
Morton Cohen and Selwyn Goodacre mentioned the virtues 
of electronic media and tools in relation to Carroll research 
and Carroll collecting. Morton thought the ability to find the 
location of a Carroll manuscript or inscription from one's desk 
in a matter of seconds would be invaluable. Selwyn also 
thought this was useful to the collector and that a database 
of all Carroll material would be yet better. If Selwyn didn't 
actually say that, he meant to. It was gratifying for me to hear 
that these paragons of Carroll biography and bibliography 
could see the benefits of computers even though they were 
a little fuzzy when it came to the difference between a data- 
base and a CD-ROM. 

Morton also laid out a work list for Carrollians, 
which should keep us busy for some time to come. The list 
includes: completing the work on publishing Carroll's diaries 
and pamphlets; compiling a complete and accurate list of 
Carroll's works and the secondary literature; publishing an 
index to LCS journal Jabberwocky; publishing a variorum 
edition of the Alice books; publishing a catalogue raisone 
of Carroll's photographs; publishing a complete edition of 
Carroll's poetry; publishing some of Carroll's juvenilia in fac- 
simile; doing a scholarly study of Carroll's reading; and com- 
piling a catalog of the location of original materials. Now 
when people ask you what else can possibly be left to do, 
you'll have the answer. I am pleased to say that discussions 
related to a number of these tasks were taking place within 
minutes of the conclusion of Morton's talk. 

I am excited about the work that lies ahead. We have 
the opportunity to add significantly to the canon of Carrollian 
scholarship and we should not hesitate to do so. Think of 
how satisfying it will be to look back in a few years and see all 
that we have accomplished. The tasks listed are all achiev- 
able. The LCS will continue work on the diaries and will start 
on an index to Jabberwocky. We will continue work on the 
pamphlets and intend to publish facsimile editions of La 
Guida di Bragia and Useful and Instructive Poetry. Perhaps 
joint efforts on the various compilations proposed above are 
in order. The tasks are vast and can only be accomplished 
through hard work. If anyone feels they can contribute to 
these efforts, contact me and we will put you in contact with 
those leading these projects. Also if there are other projects 
you think should be added to the list, please send me your 
suggestions. 

I would like to take this opportunity to publicly thank 
Genevieve Smith for her valiant efforts as interim Secretary. 
Our first transition of secretarial duties in 20 years was a 
difficult task and she dealt with it beyond all expectations. 
Ellie Luchinsky, after finishing her work on publishing the 
Song Register, is now ready to take up the mantle of respon- 
sibility. So don't forget to send your 1 996 dues to her at 1 8 
Fitzharding Place, Owings Mill, MD 21117. What a sneaky 
way to ask for dues (a bit early at that). 



<©^r ^p<©<©p^ & tEp^cs^ 



Kudos for Morton 

Founding LCSNA member Morton Cohen's eagerly 
anticipated Lewis Carroll: A Biography, a copiously illus- 
trated 577 pages, which draws on much new material includ- 
ing letters and diary entries - the result of Professor Cohen's 
lifetime of prodigious research and hard- won access to the 
Dodgson family - has been published by Alfred A. Knopf. I 
cannot imagine a Society member who does not have a place 
for this outstanding work in his or her life and library. I per- 
sonally can hardly wait to dive into its welcoming pools of 
scholarship and, dare I say, love, and will report back when 
dry. Meanwhile, readers will content themselves with some 
excerpts from reviewers, many of whom claim to deplore the 
modern tendency to focus in on the more scandalous as- 
pects of a biographer's subject (the ever-present albatross 
of Carroll's interest in young girls) while devoting large 
amounts of space in their reviews to it. 

Michiko Kakutani in the New York Times (1 1/2 1/95): 
"...He not only suggests that the book was closely based on 
indignities and difficulties experienced by Dodgson in his 
own youth but also argues that the book purveys a hopeful 
view of its heroine's (and by implication, all children's) abil- 
ity to survive in a hostile world... In the hands of another 
biographer, Dodgson's story might well have become a prime 
example of what Joyce Carol Oates has called 'Pathography,' 
one of those sensationalistic, voyeuristic works that focus 
on 'dysfunction and disaster,' foolishness and failure. In Mr. 
Cohen, however, Dodgson has had the good fortune to find 
a biographer who is as compassionate as he is judicious, a 
biographer intent on using the life to shed light on the work, 
rather than the work to pillory the life... He has produced a 
highly readable and sympathetic biography that sheds new 
light on the Alice books and their eccentric creator." Michael 
Dirda in the Washington Post ( 1 2/3/95): "Superbly researched 
and altogether engrossing... To keep up a modern reader's 
interest, Cohen shrewdly organizes his work thematically so 
that he constantly circles back to the Alice books." William 
Trevor in The Spectator (1 1/1 8/95): "It is hard to believe there 
will ever be a better book on the subject than this one. It has 
been meticulously researched and is notably well written. 
Nor does it seek to establish more than biography can. Its 
author's sympathy makes sense of what facts there are. What 
Dodgson didn't know himself remains untrifled with." Peter 
Ackroyd in the New York Times Book Review (11/12/95): 
"Mr. Cohen... has produced a book that is in every respect 
an entertaining and convincing biography, scholarly with- 
out being overbearing and conscientious without becoming 
laborious. It has, in its own way, a delightful oddity; a chap- 
ter on Dodgson's parents occurs about two-thirds of the 




way through the narrative rather than in its conventional 
place at the beginning, and there are moments when Mr. 
Cohen's sentences have a distressing but endearing habit of 
falling over one another like playing cards. But his prose also 
has a genuine power and pathos, particularly on those occa- 
sions when he contemplates his subject's permanent sense 
of loss and estrangement from the world." Adam Gopnik in 
The New Yorker (10/9/95), "The new picture of Dodgson is 
achieved honestly - by the slow accumulation of detail rather 
than by a willful 'rereading.' Cohen, a professor emeritus at 
CUNY, has devoted most of his life to studying Dodgson, 
and done it with a real scholar's modesty and diligence. He 
sometimes sounds more Victorian than his subject, but he is 
a genuine authority on Dodgson, and we are unlikely to need 
another. Cohen's will remain the indispensable book on the 
subject." 

Miscellania 

Those interested in a Yiddish translation of the Alice 
books may wish to contact Nicole Freed of the Joseph 
Wolinsky Collegiate school in Winnipeg who is compiling 
such a book of her own translations. Nicole is sixteen. 



Serendipity 



playboy: Where did Lucy in the Sky come from? 

John Lennon: My son Julian came in one day with a picture he 

painted about a school friend of his named Lucy. He had 

sketched in some stars in the sky and called it Lucy in the Sky 

with Diamonds. Simple. 

playboy: The other images in the song weren't drug-inspired? 

Lennon: The images were from Alice in Wonderland. It was 

Alice in the boat. She is buying an egg and it turns into 

Humpty Dumpty. The woman serving in the shop turns into a 

sheep and the next minute they are rowing in a rowing boat 

somewhere and I was visualizing that. 

playboy: Were you able to find others to share your visions 

with? 

Lennon: Only dead people in books. Lewis Carroll, certain 

paintings. 

playboy: What about the walrus itself? 

Lennon: It's from The Walrus and the Carpenter. Alice in 

Wonderland. To me, it was a beautiful poem. It never dawned 

on me that Lewis Carroll was commenting on the capitalist 

and social system. I never went into that bit about what he 

really meant, like people are doing with the Beatles' work. 

Later, I went back and looked at it and realized that the walrus 

was the bad guy and the carpenter was the good guy. I thought, 

Oh, s**t. I picked the wrong guy. I should have said, "I am the 

carpenter." But that wouldn't have been the same, would it? 

(Singing) "I am the carpenter...- 



/>#*r Oar rar-fttfaty 

Articles 

"Duncan Black and Lewis Carroll" by 
Ian McLean et al. appears in The Jour- 
nal ofTheoretical Politics, Vol. 7 No. 2, 
April 1995 and takes Carroll's work on 
proportional representation (including 
lawn-tennis tournaments) as a serious 
contribution to the study of Political 
Science. 

"Lewis Carroll's 'Jabberwocky': non- 
sense not nonsense" by Adam Rose 
from Language and Literature: Jour- 
nal of the Poetics and Linguistics As- 
sociation, Vol. 4 No. 1, 1995 discusses 
semantics, semiotics, and pragmatics. 

Anthony Macula's "Lewis Carroll and 
the Enumeration of Minimal Covers" 
appears in Mathematics Magazine, Vol. 
68 No. 4 October 1995. A fairly techni- 
cal discussion of Carroll's work on set 
diagrams ("affectionately referred to as 
Lew ^-grams."") 

LCSNA member Nina M. Demurova's 
"Alice Speaks Russian: The Russian 
Translations of A Wand TTLG' was pub- 
lished in the Harvard Library Bulletin 
Vol. 5 No. 4, Winter 1994-1995. A fasci- 
nating discussion of the six-impossible- 
things-before-breakfast Russian Alices 
from 1879 to the present, with a fair 
amount of attention to her own recent 
translation. Available from the Harvard 
University Library, 59 Plympton St. Cam- 
bridge MA 023 1 8 for $ 1 5 . 

The September 1 995 Vogue carried an 
ad for Moschino's "Cheap and Chic" 
fashions with Alician themes. [A $850 
bustier may be chic, but "cheap"?] 

"Alice in Intensiveland: Being an Es- 
say on Nonsense and Common Sense 
in the ICU, After the Manner of Lewis 
Carroll" by Robert H. Bartlett, MD, FCCP 
appeared in Chest Vol 108 No. 4, Octo- 
ber 1995. 

The New York Times Magazine, August 
13, 1995 asked "A Question for Trevor 
Weekes..." "If pigs could fly, how would 
they do it?" and Mr. Weekes designed 




the wings, face mask, and goggles in a 
full-page answer. 

The Threepenny Review, Issue #64, 
Winter '95, a tabloid-size literary quar- 
terly, features "Lewis Carroll's Photo- 
graphs of Children", and reproduces 
over two dozen photographs, along with 
seven somewhat controversial essays. 
"Well worth sending for" - SGB. Four 
dollars from P.O.Box 9131, Berkeley CA 
94709. Its summer issue featured a long 
negative review of the London "Alice's 
Adventures Underground" production. 

The nationally syndicated column "The 
Straight Dope" by Cecil Adams (around 
mid-October) carried a discussion on 
Carroll's interest in prepubescent girls. 
The usual stuff. Our man is found inno- 
cent. On the other hand, 

History Laid Bare by Richard Zacks, 
Harper Collins, 1994, anthologizes 
"Love, Sex, and Perversity" and finds 
Carroll guilty of the last, quoting from 
the Mayhew letters and implying that 
he quit photography over his guilt from 
kissing Atty Owen. 

Books 

Literature and Photography: Interac- 
tions 1840-1990 (Jane Rabb, ed., Uni- 
versity of New Mexico Press, 1 995) re- 
prints Gyula Brassai's "Carroll the Pho- 
tographer". 

The Wonderland Gambit Trilogy: Book 
One, The Cybernetic Walrus by Jack 
Chalker, sci-fi with Carrollian bits, titles, 
and rabbit holes. Ballantine paperback. 

Fantastic Alice, Margaret Weis, ed. A 
sci-fi anthology with Alician themes. 
ACE Fantasy paperback. 

David and Maxine Schaefer's The Tale 
of the Mouse's Tale, illustr. by Jonathan 
Dixon, is now available from Mica Pub- 
lishers, 617 Rockford Road, Silver 
Spring, MD 20902. $8 for members. 



The Jolly Pocket Postman by J.&.A. 
Ahlberg is meant for five to ten year 
olds. Alice and the Tea Party appear, 
and inserts in pockets along with toys 
and games make the whole thing a joy. 
Two major prizes have already been 
awarded it. Little, Brown. 

Fantasy Literature in the Elementary 
Classroom: Strategies for Reading, 
Writing, and Responding by LCSNA 
member Monica Edinger was published 
by Scholastic Professional Books. The 
intended audience is elementary school 
teachers or education students, and it 
contains a chapter called "Visualizing 
Fantasy: A Study of Alice in Wonder- 
land and its Illustrators". 

White Rabbit, John Miller and Randall 
Koral, editors, Chronicle Books, 1995, 
an anthology of drug literature, includes 
the first chapter of A W [rather inappro- 
priately], proposing "(the) stories writ- 
ten for Alice Liddell have nonetheless 
served as a compass-point for a gen- 
eration of LSD-takers. The famous mush- 
room scene in A W may have been in- 
spired by Carroll's reading of Cooke's 
Plain and Easy Account of British 
Fungi, published three years prior." 

Robert Gilmore's Alice in Quan- 
tumland: An Allegory of Quantum Phys- 
ics has been published by Copernicus, 
an imprint of Springer- Verlag, New York, 
Inc. $18 - P.O. Box 19386 Newark NJ 
07195-9386. The amusing narrative fol- 
lows Alice through "an intellectual 
amusement park" where some of the 
more outlandish, albeit true, concepts 
of quantum mechanics are presented in 
a most accessible manner. 

Grolier Books, U.S. Rte 60 Bypass, 
Versaille, KY 40386, is publishing an 
Alice in Bible land series of rhyme 
books for very young children, wherein 
Alice goes through a magic screen and 
visits biblical characters. 

The Red King 's Dream, or Lewis Carroll 
in Wonderland by Jo Elwyn Jones & J. 

continued 



Far Flung, Continued from p. 1 1 

Francis Gladstone, Jonathan Cape, Lon- 
don, is a "highly entertaining piece of 
literary detection" wherein the authors 
examine the real-life characters upon 
whom they presuppose Carroll based 
his characters (e.g. Ellen Terry is the 
Tiger Lily and Darwin is the puppy). 

Art & Artifacts 

A fine T-shirt of many Tenniel drawings 
($40), among others, and a foot-high 
Queen of Hearts lawn statue ($50) ap- 
pear in the What on Earth catalog, 245 1 
Enterprise East Parkway, Twinsburg OH 
44087. (216) 963-3000. 

An Alice Kaleidoscope ($ 1 8) and pop- 
up book ($23) from Past Times, 280 Sum- 
mer Street, Boston MA 022 1 0. (800) 62 1 - 
6020. 

A series of Alice "keepsake" tree-orna- 
ments is coming from Hallmark. Alice 
($7) is the first. Gladys Boalt's tree or- 
naments features the Jabberwocky 
($58). (800) 998-7077. 

The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, of- 
fers a charm bracelet ($98), a scarf ($58), 
necktie ($39), pins ($26), and tie tacks 
($36-48). P.O.Box 244, Avon MA 02322. 
(800)227-5597. 

The Metropolitan Museum of Art has 
standup note-cards based on the 
Tenniel drawings, a dozen for $ 1 2. (800) 
468-7386. 

Signals offers framed Year of the Child 
(U.K.) postage stamps, complete with 
easel. $25 from (800) 669-9696. 



The Smithsonian's 1995 Holiday Cata- 
log continues to offer Mme. Alexander 
dolls - the set of five is $375. (800) 322- 
0344. 

The Wendy's chain of "restaurants" 
gave their young clientele a short book 
Let's Read Together: Alice in Wonder- 
land, with a growth chart and paint- with- 
water decorations appearing in the back 
of the book. Unfortunately, if the chart 
were painted and hung on a wall per 
instructions the book would be inacces- 
sible. 

Michael Lawrence has produced ( 1 970- 
72) unique bronze garden sculptures of 
Alice (16 , / 2 ", $6,000) and the Mad Hat- 
ter (3 1 W\ $35,000). Linder Rothschild 
Allen of Palo Alto CA is his representa- 
tive. (41 5) 473-6824. 

Rex Games produces "Word Trek", an 
amusing party game based on Carroll's 
"Doublets" (HEAD-heal-teal-tell-tall- 
TAIL), and several other delightful titles. 
Mention the LCSNA and receive a 20% 
discount from Mark Chester. 530 
Howard Street, Suite 100, San Francisco 
CA94105.(415) 777-2900. 

Thimbles in gold-rimmed bone china $ 1 5 
for three from Gimbel & Sons Country 
Store, P.O.Box 57, 36 Commercial Street, 
Boothbay Harbor ME 04538. 

Thru the Mirror, a lovely hand-inked 
and hand-painted limited edition eel 
($2,450) from the 1936 Mickey Mouse 
cartoon is part of the "Historical 
Mickey" series and is available from 
animation, usa at ( 800) 548-28 1 0. Also 
a serigraphic eel from this same cartoon 



($275) and they have just released a 
vertical panoramic series of eels from 
the 1951 Disney Alice. 

Places and Events 

"Le Loir Dans La Theiere" (the dor- 
mouse in the teapot) is located at 3 Rue 
des Rosiers in the old Marais district of 
Paris and features an Alician mural. The 
Tea-lovers' Guide to Paris gives it a 
favorable review. 

The New Langton Arts Gallery in San 
Francisco featured an installation by 
Sally Levine called "Alice Through the 
Glass Ceiling" which "seeks to create a 
dialog about current architectural prac- 
tice as it relates to women." 

Derek Deane's new classical ballet pro- 
duction of Alice in Wonderland for the 
English National Ballet, scored to 
Tchaikovsky music, played in 
Southampton in October, Leeds in No- 
vember, and other venues in the U.K., 
eventually moving to the London Coli- 
seum on March 19, 1996. Information: 
Threefold Music Ltd, Holly House, 99 
Church Rd, London SW139HH. 

The student theater group of Eleanor 
Roosevelt High School in Greenbelt, 
MD performed Alice: Coming of Age 
written and directed by Brian Clancy, 
Nov. 12, 16-18. August and Clare 
Imholtz enjoyed Clancy's interpretation 
of the two Alice books with Dodgson's 
(Clancy's) commentary on the action and 
intervention into it Particularly memo- 
rable was the splendid rendition of "The 
Walrus and the Carpenter" as a Calypso 
song! 



For assistance in preparing this issue we would like to thank: Earl Abbe, Fran Abeles, Leslie Allen, Sandor Burstein, 
Wendy Chevrier, Mrs. M.M. Costley, Johanna Hurwitz, August Imholtz, Janet Jurist, Vito Lanza, Lucille Posner, Murray 
Ratcliffe, Genevieve Smith, Germaine Weaver, and Nancy Willard. 

Knight Letter is the official newsletter of the Lewis Carroll Society of North America. It is published several times a year 
and is distributed free to all members. Subscriptions, business correspondence, and inquiries should be addressed to 
the Secretary, LCSNA, 1 8 Fitzharding Place, Owing Mills MD 21117. Annual membership dues are U. S.$20 (regular) and 
$50 (sustaining). Submissions and editorial correspondence should be sent to the Editor, P.O. Box 2006, Mill Valley CA 
94942. 

President: Joel Birenbaum, jmb7@ihlpm.att.com 

Secretary: Ellie Luchinsky, eluchin@epfl 1 .epflbalto.org 

Editor: Mark Burstein, wrabbit@worldpassage.net 

The Lewis Carroll Home Page: http://www.students.uiuc.edu/~jbirenba/carroll.html